Observatório Bíblico

Sábado, Julho 22, 2006

ASOR e AIA pedem a Israel e ao Líbano que preservem cidades históricas que são Patrimônio Cultural da Humanidade

Duas entidades norte-americanas alertam os combatentes no atual conflito Israel-Líbano para a necessidade de proteger os sítios arqueológicos que podem ser atingidos e danificados pelos bombardeios em curso.

A ASOR - American Schools of Oriental Research - e o AIA - Archaeological Institute of America - urgem que os combatentes honrem a Convenção de Haia de 1954, sobre a proteção dos bens culturais em regiões de conflito armado. Israel e Líbano são signatários desta Convenção.


As duas entidades constataram que, no Líbano, as cidades romanas de Baalbek e de Tiro, o sítio arqueológico fenício de Biblos e a cidade de Anjar correm grandes riscos, enquanto que, em Israel, os sítios arqueológicos de Meguido e de Hazor e a antiga Acre da época das Cruzadas estão na mesma situação. Estes locais são Patrimônio Cultural da Humanidade.

Também o governo libanês, através do Ministro da Cultura Tarek Mitri, apelou à UNESCO, pedindo proteção para os ameaçados sítios de Baalbek e Tiro.

Archaeologists Call on Mid-East Combatants To Honor Hague Convention of 1954
The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) and the American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) deplore the loss of innocent life in northern Israel and Lebanon and profoundly wish for a quick resolution of the armed hostilities in the area. We also urge all parties to the conflict to honor the terms of the 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and the principles of customary international law to protect the region's rich archaeological, cultural and historic heritage. The Hague Convention calls on parties to armed conflict to avoid targeting of, and to minimize damage of, such cultural artifacts as monuments, sites and antiquities. The region of the Levant, encompassing the modern states of Israel and Lebanon, is rich in cultural remains of many time periods, including occupation sites of early man, sites of the Biblical period, Phoenician, Hellenistic and Roman eras, and sites of the Crusader, Byzantine, Islamic and Ottoman Turkish periods. This region embodies much of the early history of the three great religions of Christianity, Judaism and Islam, and contributed significantly to the development of the ancient cultures of the Eastern Mediterranean. Numerous sites in northern Israel and Lebanon have been inscribed on the World Heritage List and thus have been recognized for their contribution to human religious, historical and cultural values. Their preservation is an international priority. World Heritage sites include the Biblical sites of Megiddo and Hazor and the Crusader Old City of Acre in northern Israel. In Lebanon, the Roman cities of Baalbek and Tyre, the Phoenician site of Byblos and the Umayyad city of Anjar are also inscribed on the World Heritage List. These sites are all located within the area of military conflict and are therefore at great risk.

Leia Mais:
Appeal for Safety of Cultural Sites in Mideast (The New York Times)
Both sides in the Israel-Lebanon/Hezbollah conflict are being called upon to honor the Hague Convention (PaleoJudaica.com)
Convenção para a Protecção dos Bens Culturais em caso de Conflito Armado (Convenção de Haia de 1954)

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