Bibliografia Bíblica - Biblical Bibliography

 

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História de Israel/History of Israel

Português

DONNER, H. História de Israel e dos Povos Vizinhos I-II. 4. ed. Traduzido do alemão por Claudio Molz e Hans A. Trein. São Leopoldo/Petrópolis: Sinodal/Vozes, [1997] 5. ed. São Leopoldo: Sinodal/EST, 2010, 540 p. Vol 1: - ISBN 9788562865244; Vol. 2: - ISBN 9788562865411.

Apresenta-se, em 2 volumes, a história do Israel bíblico situado no contexto da história dos povos vizinhos do Oriente Antigo. O vol. 1 vai dos primórdios, no 2º milênio, até a formação do Estado com o reinado de Salomão. O vol. 2 abrange da época da divisão em dois reinos até Alexandre Magno. O último capítulo estuda o judaísmo palestinense no período helenístico-romano.


 

ECHEGARAY, J. G.  O Crescente Fértil e a Bíblia. Traduzido do espanhol por Jaime A. Clasen. Petrópolis: Vozes, 1995, 278 p.

Um livro que expõe o meio ambiente geográfico e histórico-cultural dos personagens e fatos que aparecem na Bíblia.


 

FARIA, J. de F. (org.) História de Israel e as pesquisas mais recentes. 2. ed. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2003, 181 p. - ISBN 8532628281.   

Este livro reúne o trabalho de cinco exegetas do grupo "Biblistas Mineiros" que pesquisaram acerca da História de Israel contada nos textos bíblicos e recuperada igualmente através da arqueologia e de documentos extra-bíblicos. São reflexões que incluem a possibilidade de se ler a História de Israel sob outros enfoques e de se falar não de História, mas de Histórias de Israel. O livro sugere ainda o repensar da historiografia sobre o assunto e retoma a história bíblica de Israel pelo viés da profecia e faz uma releitura desta história em forma de oração nos Salmos. Os autores: Jacir de Freitas Faria, Romi Auth, Airton José da Silva, Johan Konings e Jaldemir Vitório. Leia mais aqui.


 

FINKELSTEIN, I.; SILBERMAN, N. A. A Bíblia não tinha razão. Traduzido do inglês por Tuca Magalhães. São Paulo: A Girafa, 2003, 515 p. - ISBN 8589876187 (cf. nesta página, mais abaixo, o original The Bible Unearthed).

Este aclamado livro [o significado do título em inglês é: A Bíblia Desenterrada: Uma Nova Visão Arqueológica do Antigo Israel e da Origem de seus Textos Sagrados], publicado em 13 línguas (dados de 2011), foi pensado como um instrumento para que o leitor leigo, mas interessado no assunto, possa ter acesso a um panorama atualizado do que seus autores acreditam ser evidências arqueológicas e históricas indispensáveis para uma nova compreensão do nascimento do antigo Israel e a emergência de seus textos históricos sagrados.


 

GOTTWALD, N. K. As Tribos de Iahweh: Uma Sociologia da Religião de Israel Liberto, 1250-1050 a.C. 2. ed. Traduzido do inglês por Anacleto Alvarez. São Paulo: Paulus, [1986] 2004, 939 p. - ISBN 8534922330.  

Usando modelos e conclusões da sociologia e da antropologia, Gottwald, em estudo hoje considerado clássico, formulou modelos alternativos para o tribalismo israelita, visto como um todo estrutural-funcional. O autor chegou a um modelo do primitivo Israel como um movimento de retribalização que conseguiu autonomia dentro da sociedade cananéia. O livro de Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh, foi relançado, em segunda edição, em 1999, pela editora Sheffield, Reino Unido.


 

KIPPENBERG, H. G. Religião e Formação de Classes na Antiga Judéia: Estudo Sociorreligioso sobre a Relação entre Tradição e Evolução Social. Traduzido do alemão por João Aníbal G. S. Ferreira. São Paulo: Paulus, 1997, 182 p. - ISBN 8505006798.

Os movimentos judaicos de resistência contra os gregos e contra os romanos tiveram interpretações divergentes por parte dos especialistas. Kippenberg avança ao interpretar, neste rigoroso estudo, a antiga literatura judaica em relação aos conceitos e métodos da etnologia ou antropologia social. Utilizando a etnologia, ele tenta reconstruir o tipo de ordem social da Judéia antiga, comparando-o com o de outras sociedades do Antigo Oriente Médio. Um resumo deste livro pode ser lido no Observatório Bíblico. Clique aqui.


 

LIVERANI, M. Para além da Bíblia: História antiga de Israel. São Paulo: Loyola/Paulus, 2008, 544 p. - ISBN 9788515035557.

As historias do antigo Israel sempre foram concebidas como uma espécie de paráfrase da narrativa bíblica. Esta obra de Mario Liverani, porém, é uma tentativa de reescrita da história de Israel que leva em consideração os resultados da crítica textual e literária, as contribuições da arqueologia e da epigrafia e que foi desenvolvida segundo os critérios da moderna metodologia historiográfica. Desta perspectiva resultam duas histórias: uma história normal dos dois pequenos reinos de Israel e Judá, semelhante àquelas de tantos outros pequenos reinos da região. E uma história inventada, construída pelos judaítas durante e após o exílio babilônico, que projetam no seu passado os problemas e as esperanças de sua época. Leia mais aqui.


 

PIXLEY, J. A História de Israel a Partir dos Pobres. 11. ed. Traduzido do espanhol por Ramiro Mincato. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2013, 136 p. - ISBN 9788532602824.

Este trabalho apresenta uma breve história de Israel desde o Êxodo até a segunda guerra judaica (135 d.C.). Preocupado apenas com os grupos humanos que se instalaram na Palestina, o autor mostra Israel, durante todo o livro, como um projeto de reação camponesa que luta para sobreviver e para criar estruturas sociais e políticas mais justas.


 

VAN SETERS, J. Em Busca da História: Historiografia no Mundo Antigo e as Origens da História Bíblica. Traduzido do original inglês. São Paulo: EDUSP, 2008, 400 p. - ISBN 8531411017.

Defrontando-se com a historiografia bíblica, mas também com a mesopotâmica, a hitita, a egípcia e a grega, o professor emérito da Universidade da Carolina do Norte em Chapel Hill, USA, John van Seters procura neste livro examinar o início da escrita de História em Israel, na Antiguidade, contra o pano de fundo das civilizações do Oriente Próximo e do mundo clássico. Leia mais aqui. Uma resenha do original inglês, publicado em 1983, pode ser lida na Catholic Biblical Quarterly (CBQ) 47 n. 2, April 1985, p. 336-340. Escrita por David L. Petersen, da Iliff School of Theology, Denver, CO, USA. Sobre John Van Seters, leia aqui.


 

ZABATIERO, J. P. T. Uma história cultural de Israel. São Paulo: Paulus, 2013, 296 p. - ISBN 9788534937597.

Utilizando-se de elementos teóricos da história cultural francesa e da pesquisa sobre as identidades, o livro relata os processos, mecanismos e conflitos na construção e transformação da identidade do antigo Israel, desde suas origens até o final do século I d.C. Além dos processos identitários, seu foco recai sobre os modos de organização sociopolítica e suas justificações teológicas no testemunho das Escrituras judaico-israelitas. Incorpora, ainda, em suas discussões, os debates mais recentes na pesquisa histórica sobre o antigo Israel, posicionando-se a respeito dos principais temas em debate na atualidade.


English

ATHAS, G. The Tel Dan Inscription: A Reappraisal and a New Interpretation. London: T & T Clark, [2003] 2006, 352 p. - ISBN 0567040437.

The first book-length treatment of the most important, and controversial, inscription found in Israel in recent years. The inscription contains a possible mention of the name "David" and is thought by many scholars to verify the existence of this king. It contains a full account of the discovery, epigraphic analysis, palaeographical analysis, possible arrangement of the three fragments discovered, textual analysis and historical commentary. It is more thorough in each of these treatments than any preceding discussion, and reviews all of the major theories about the inscription, with a well-considered conclusion.


 

BERQUIST, J. L. (ed.) Approaching Yehud: New Approaches to the Study of the Persian Period. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2007, ix + 249 p. - ISBN 9781589831452. 

The long-held view that the Persian period in Israel (known as Yehud) was a historically derivative era that engendered little theological or literary innovation has been replaced in recent decades by an appreciation for the importance of the Persian period for understanding Israels literature, religion, and sense of identity. A new image of Yehud is emerging that has shifted the focus from viewing the postexilic period as a staging ground for early Judaism or Christianity to dealing with Yehud on its own terms, as a Persian colony with a diverse population. Taken together, the thirteen chapters in this volume represent a range of studies that touch on a variety of textual and historical problems to advance the conversation about the significance of the Persian period and especially its formative influence on biblical literature. Contributors include Richard Bautch, Jon L. Berquist, Zipporah G. Glass, Alice W. Hunt, David Janzen, John Kessler, Melody D. Knowles, Jennifer L. Koosed, Herbert R. Marbury, Christine Mitchell, Julia M. OBrien, Donald C. Polaski, Jean-Pierre Ruiz, Brent A. Strawn, and Christine Roy Yoder. Reviews: Armin Siedlecki, RBL, 7/12/2008; Ernst Axel Knauf, RBL, 8/30/2008; Stephen L. Cook, CBQ Vol. 71, n. 3, July 2009, p. 668-670.


 

BOER, R. (ed.) Tracking "The Tribes of Yahweh": On the Trail of a Classic. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002, 216 p. ISBN: 082646050X

Norman Gottwald's monumental The Tribes of Yahweh caused an immediate sensation when first published in 1979, and its influence has continued to be felt, both in the area of biblical politics and in the application of sociological methods to the Hebrew Bible. This book, following the reprint, with a new preface, by Sheffield Academic Press [1999], reflects on the impact and the implications of the work after twenty years. The distinguished contributors are David Jobling, Frank Frick, Charles Carter, Carol Meyers, Jacques Berlinerblau, Itumeleng Mosala, Gerald West, Roland Boer and, in a response to contributors as well as an interview with the editor, Norman Gottwald himself. 


COOTE, R. B.; WHITELAM, K. W. The Emergence of Early Israel in Historical Perspective. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2010, 220 p. - ISBN 9781906055455.

This volume is a reprint of the 1987 edition with a new preface by Robert B. Coote and Keith W. Whitelam setting the work in the context of recent debates on the history of ancient Israel. The book provides a broad overview of settlement patterns and social relations throughout Palestinian history from the middle of the third millennium BCE to the present day in order to illustrate how the emergence of Israel in the early Iron Age fits into the march of time. Archaeological evidence for the appearance of dispersed settlements in the highlands and steppes of Palestine at the beginning of the early Iron Age followed by the rapid centralization of this area suggests that Israel emerged within Palestine in response to the decline in east Mediterranean trade at the end of the Late Bronze Age. The development of an Israelite monarchy is seen as being inextricably linked to the factors involved in Israel's emergence - as distinct from much previous research which has presented the monarchy as alien to the origins of Israel.


 

DAVIES, P. R. In Search of ‘Ancient Israel’. London: T & T Clark, [1992] 2005, 166 p. - ISBN 9781850757375.

This is a book about history, though it is not another ‘History of Israel’. P. R. Davies focuses on biblical scholarship to ask why it has been taken for granted that ‘ancient Israel’ is an accessible historical entity, and to examine some of the hermeneutical practices of biblical historians which arise from, and subsequently protect, this assumption. ‘Ancient Israel’ is a scholarly construct, the result of taking a literary construct, the biblical narrative, and making it the object of historical investigation. This scholarly construct is contradictory, imaginative and ideologic. 


 

DIETRICH, W.; STEGEMANN, W. (hrsg.) Biblische Enzyklopädie. 12 Bände. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1996-

Die Biblische Enzyklopädie will das von der neueren und neuesten Forschung bereitgestellte Wissen über die Bibel auswerten und geschichtlich und systematisch geordnet wiedergeben. In der Aufeinanderfolge der historischen und der literaturgeschichtlichen Epochen, von den Anfängen der biblischen Überlieferung bis zum Vorliegen der hebräischen und der christlichen Bibel, sollen Zugänge zu den heutigen bibelwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen eröffnet werden. Die Fülle der Texte und Themen ist auf zwölf Epochen aufgeteilt: Band 1: Niels Peter Lemche, Die Vorgeschichte Israels. Von den Anfängen bis zum Ausgang des 13. Jahrhunderts v.Chr.  Band 2: Volkmar Fritz, Die Entstehung Israels im 12. und 11. Jahrhundert v.Chr.  Band 3: Walter Dietrich, Die frühe Königszeit in Israel. 10. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Band 4: Manfred Oeming, Die Königreiche Israel und Juda im 9. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Band 5: Antoon Schoors, Die Königreiche Israel und Juda im 8. und 7. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Die assyrische Krise. Band 6: Christof Hardmeier, Das Königreich Juda im 7. und 6. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Band 7: Rainer Albertz, Die Exilszeit. 6. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Band 8: Erhard S. Gerstenberger, Israel in der Perserzeit. 5. und 4. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Band 9: Ernst Haag, Das hellenistische Zeitalter. 4. - 1. Jahrhundert v.Chr. Band 10: Wolfgang Stegemann, Jesus und seine Zeit. Band 11: Ekkehard W. Stegemann; Wolfgang Stegemann, Paulus und seine Zeit. Band 12: Ekkehard W. Stegemann, Die Anfänge der Kirche

The SBL signed a contract with Kohlhammer Verlag to publish English translations of all the volumes in Kohlhammer's Biblische Enzyklopädie series. The SBL has already translated Rainer Albertz, Israel in Exile: The History and Literature of the Sixth Century B.C.E., 2003; Walter Dietrich, The Early Monarchy in Israel: The Tenth Century B.C.E., 2007; Volkmar Fritz, The Emergence of Israel in the Twelfth and Eleventh Centuries B.C.E., 2011, and Erhard S. Gerstenberger, Israel in the Persian Period: The Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E., 2011 [Obs.: estes volumes estão disponíveis para download para o Brasil e outros países contemplados pelo projeto ICI da SBL].


 

FINKELSTEIN, I. Le Royaume biblique oublié. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2013, 288 p. - ISBN 9782738129475. The Forgotten Kingdom: The Archaeology and History of Northern Israel. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013, 210 p. - ISBN 9781589839106.

Du Xe au VIIIe siècle avant notre ère, deux royaumes hébreux ont coexisté : Israël au nord, Juda au sud. Compilés à Jérusalem, capitale de Juda, à partir de la fin du viie siècle, les textes bibliques présentent le « Royaume du Nord » comme impie et ses rois comme maudits. Biblistes et historiens ont largement emboîté le pas : chacun savait qu’Israël était une entité politique et économique bien plus importante et puissante que le petit royau-me de Juda, mais on n’a jamais essayé d’écrire son histoire depuis ses origines jusqu’à sa disparition en 722. Archéologue hors pair du Levant ancien, Israël Finkelstein relève le défi et présente une histoire de ce royaume « oublié », voire « censuré ». Poursuivant la démarche de La Bible dévoilée et des Rois sacrés de la Bible, il offre une nouvelle version des origines d’Israël et nous permet aussi de mieux saisir comment les textes bibliques ont reconstruit son histoire. Disponível online em inglês, leia mais aqui.


 

FINKELSTEIN, I.; SILBERMAN, N. A. The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts. New York: The Free Press, 2001, xii + 385 p. - ISBN 9780684869124 (Hardcover) - ISBN 9780684869131 (Paperback, 2002).  Para as traduções em alemão, árabe, coreano, espanhol, francês, italiano, japonês, hebraico, holandês, polonês, tcheco e português - A Bíblia não tinha razão. São Paulo: A Girafa, 2003 - ISBN 8589876187 -, clique aqui.

Two leading scholars, an archaeologist and a historian,Israel Finkelstein, arqueólogo da Universidade de Tel Aviv, Israel combine an exhilarating tour of the field of biblical archaeology with a fascinating explanation of how and why the Bible's historical saga differs so dramatically from the archaeological finds. They explain what the Bible says about ancient Israel and show how it diverges sharply from archaeological reality. They then offer a dramatic new version of the history of ancient Israel, bringing archaeological evidence to bear on the question of when, where, and why the Bible was first written.


 

FINKELSTEIN, I.; SILBERMAN, N. A. David and Solomon: In Search of the Bible's Sacred Kings and the Roots of the Western Tradition. New York: The Free Press, 2006, 352 p. - ISBN 9780743243629 (Hardcover) - ISBN 9780743243636 (Paperback, 2007). 

In David and Solomon, Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman, leading archaeologists and authors who have done a great deal to uncover and understand the breathtaking findings of their field, focus on the first two great kings of the Bible as a lens through which we can see the evolution of the entire biblical era. David and Solomon offers a guide to a thousand years of ancient civilization and the evolution of a tradition of kingly leadership that held sway throughout the West for much of our history.


 

GARBINI, G. Myth and History in the Bible. London: T & T Clark, 2006, 160 p. - ISBN 0567040143. Em italiano: Mito e storia nella Bibbia. Paideia: Brescia, 2003, 216 p. 

The Old Testament, and biblical scholarship itself, distinguishes between mythical and historical. This book argues that only historical thing in the Bible is the Bible itself, a superb product of Jewish thought. What is narrated in the Bible is only myth. But this myth about Israel's past was still built with fragments of history, or rather with written traditions that were different from those expressed in the actual text, and obviously more ancient. These essays follow in the spirit of his controversial History and Ideology in Ancient Israel, which combine detailed philological reseaerch, a wide knowledge of ancient Near Eastern literature and Biblical Archaeology - and a radical way of understanding what thhe biblical text is really telling us. This is an erudite and thought-provoking book, which should not be ignored by anyone who finds the origin of the Bible a fascinating and still largely unknown phenomenon.


 

GRABBE, L. L. (ed.) Can a 'History of Israel' Be Written?  London: T & T Clark, [1997] 2005, 208 p. - ISBN 0567043207. 

This book was published in 1997, as the result of the 1st European Seminar on Historical Methodology, a meeting holds by selected scholars in Dublin in July 1996. All papers addressed in some fashion or other the two following questions: Can a ‘History of Israel’ be written and if so, how? What place does the text of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible have in the matter?


 

GRABBE, L. L. (ed.) Leading Captivity Captive: 'The Exile' as History and Ideology. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998, 161 p. - ISBN 9781850759072.

This book was published in 1998, as the result of the Second European Seminar on Historical Methodology, a meeting holds by selected scholars in Lausanne in July 1997. Was there an 'Exile'? And if so, how did it fit into the pattern of population deportations that characterized the imperial strategies of the ancient Near East? In a methodological discussion of this issue, the contributors cover a range of topics, from ancient politics to modern ideology. In probing the meaning and implication of 'Exile' they also reflect a spectrum of opinions and conclusions.


 

GRABBE, L. L. (ed.) Did Moses Speak Attic? Jewish Historiography and Scripture in the Hellenistic Period. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001, 352 p. - ISBN 1841271551.

Is the Bible a Hellenistic book? The essays in this volume respond to that challenging question, formulated by Niels Peter Lemche, and offer everything from qualified agreement to vociferous opposition. In so doing, they debate and illuminate the many features of Jewish writing in the Second Temple period, including not only the scriptures themselves and their own history, but the non-canonized literature of the late Second-Temple period.


 

GRABBE, L. L. (ed.) Good Kings and Bad Kings. London: T  & T Clark, 2005, x +371 p. - ISBN 0826469760 (Hardcover) - ISBN 9780567082725 (Paperback, 2007)

According to the Bible, among the last kings of the kingdom of Judah was one of the most notorious kings- Manasseh -and one of the most righteous - Josiah. Are the accounts of their contrasting reigns anything more than the ideological creations of pious writers and editors? Does this juxtaposition of a 'good king' and a 'bad king' provide good historical information or only theological wishful thinking? In this volume the on-going discussions in the European Seminar on Methodology in Israel's History have tackled the history of Judah in the seventh century BCE, with a focus on the reign of Josiah. Some essays survey the history and archaeology of Judah from Sennacherib to Nebuchadnezzar. Several examine the reign of Manasseh and address the question of whether it is ripe for re-evaluation. Others ask what we know of the reign of Josiah and, especially, what form his famous cult reform took or even whether it was historical. As always, the editor gives an introduction to the topic, with summaries of the contributions, plus a concluding summary of and personal perspective on the discussion. Contributors include such internationally known scholars as Rainer Albertz, Philip Davies, Axel Knauf, Nadav Na'aman, Marvin Sweeney, and Christoph Uehlinger. Reviews by John Engle and Eckart Otto: Review of Biblical Literature (April  4, 2006).


 

GRABBE, L. L. A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period: Vol 1, A History of the Persian Province of Judah. London: T & T Clark, 2006, 496 p. - ISBN 0567043525.

In the first of four volumes on A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period, Lester Grabbe presents a comprehensive history of Yehud - the Aramaic name for Judah - during the Peersian Period. Among the many crucial questions he addresses are: What are the sources for this period and how do we evaluate them? And how do we make them 'speak' to us through the fog of centuries? This first volume, Yehud: A History of the Persian Province of Judah offers the most up to date and comprehensive examination of the political and administrative structures; the society and economy; the religion, temple and cult; the developments in thought and literature; and the major political events of Judah at the time. 


 

GRABBE, L. L. A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period: Vol. 2, The Coming of the Greeks, the Early Hellenistic Period 335-175 BCE. London: T & T Clark, 2008, 432 p. - ISBN 9780567033963.

This is the second volume of the projected four-volume history of the Second Temple period. This volume brings together all we know about the Jews during the period from Alexander's conquest to the eve of the Maccabaean revolt, including the Jews in Egypt as well as the situation in Judah. Based directly on the primary sources, which are surveyed, the study addresses questions such as administration, society, religion, economy, jurisprudence, Hellenism and Jewish identity. These are discussed in the context of the wider Hellenistic world and its history. A strength of the study is its extensive up-to-date secondary bibliography, approximately one thousand items.


 

GRABBE, L. L. (ed.) Ahab Agonistes: The Rise and Fall of the Omri Dynasty. London: T  & T Clark, 2007, 368 p. - ISBN 9780567045409.

In this volume the European Seminar on Historical Methodology uses the period of the 9th and 8th centuries as a field for investigating the question of writing a history of Israel. This period provides a striking example in which the biblical text can be compared with other written and arti-factual sources. Contributors explore a variety of aspects of the history of the period of Omri and Ahab and the following Jehu dynasty. As a volume it provides a comprehensive picture of the sources, the historical problems, and the areas of major debate. Participants discuss such topics as the dating of prophetic texts, the house of Ahab in Chronicles, the Tel Dan inscription, the Mesha inscription, the Jezebel tradition, the archaeology of Iron IIB, the relationship between the biblical text and contemporary sources, and the nature of the Omride state. An introductory chapter summarizes the individual papers and also the relevant section of Mario Liverani’s recent history of the period. A concluding `Reflections on the Debate’ summarizes the issues raised in the papers and provides a perspective on the discussion.


 

GRABBE, L. L. Ancient Israel: What Do We Know and How Do We Know It? London: T & T Clark, 2007, 328 p. - ISBN 9780567032546.

A number of 'histories of Israel' have been written over the past few decades yet the basic methodological questions are not always addressed: how do we write such a history and how can we know anything about the history of Israel? The purpose of this study is to provide a collection and analysis of the materials necessary for writing such a history.


 

HAGELIA, H. The Tel Dan Inscription: A Critical Investigation of Recent Research on Its Palaeography and Philology. Uppsala : Uppsala University Press, 2006, 250 p. - ISBN 9155466133. Distribuído por Coronet Books, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Hallvard Hagelia "shows all or most of the translations since Biran and Naveh, 1994-5" (Niels Peter Lemche - ANE-2: 07/05/2007).


 

HALLO, W. W.; LAWSON YOUNGER, K. (eds.) The Context of Scripture: Canonical Compositions, Monumental Inscriptions and Archival Documents from the Biblical World. 3 vols., Leiden/Boston/Cologne: Brill, 2002, I: xxviii+599 p. II: xxvi+438 p. III: liv+406 p.

The Context of Scripture illuminatingly presents the multi-faceted world of ancient writing that forms the colorful background to the literature of the Hebrew Bible. Designed as a thorough and durable reference work for all engaged in the study of the Bible and the ancient Near East, and involving approximately 90 of the world's outstanding scholars in the field, it provides reliable access to a broad, balanced and representative collection of Ancient Near Eastern texts that have some bearing on the interpretation of the Bible. Translations of recently discovered texts are included, alongside new translations of better-known texts and in some cases the best existing translations of such texts. The substantial three-volume work, with its specially designed page layout and large format, features full cross-referencing to comparable Bible passages, and new, up-to-date bibliographical annotations with judicious commentary. Its many distinct advantages over other collections will ensure the place of The Context of Scripture as a standard reference work for the 21st century.


 

LEMCHE, N. P. Historical Dictionary of Ancient Israel. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2004, 320 p. - ISBN 9780810848481.

Because Ancient Israel means so much to us and because we actually know so little for sure, this dictionary is particularly important. It examines the usual sources in the Old Testament and surveys the findings of more recent archaeological research to help us determine just what happened and when, a far from simple task. It includes entries on most of the persons, places, and events which are generally considered, and shows more broadly what the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah were like and what role they played in the ancient world, but it also defines them as closely as possible according to the latest data. While the results may differ from traditional views, they are essential correctives.


 

LEMCHE, N. P. The Israelites in History and Tradition. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox, 1998, ix + 246 p. - ISBN 9780664220754.

Niels Peter Lemche focuses on the way Israelites understood themselves at different points in history--before, within, and after the monarchy. He discusses references to the people and their leaders in other ancient Near Eastern texts and examines the Israelites' self-understanding and behavior as a distinct people through their history.


 

LIPSCHITS, O.; BLENKINSOPP, J. (eds.) Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003, xii + 612 p. - ISBN 9781575060736.

This volume is the outcome of an international conference held at Tel Aviv University, May 29-31, 2001. The idea for the conference germinated at the fifth Transeuphratene colloquy in Paris in March 2000. The Tel Aviv conference was organized in order to encourage investigation into the obscure five or six decades preceding the Persian conquests in the latter part of the 6th century. The essays here are organized in 5 parts: (1) The Myth of the Empty Land Revisited; (2) Cult, Priesthood, and Temple; (3) Military and Governmental Aspects; (4) Archaeological Perspectives on the 6th Century B.C.E.; and (5) Exiles and Foreigners in Egypt and Babylonia. Contributors: H. M. Barstad, B. Oded, L. S. Fried, S. Japhet, J. Blenkinsopp, G. N. Knoppers, Y. Amit, D. Edelman, Y. Hoffman, R. H. Sack, D. Vanderhooft, J. W. Betlyon, A. Lemaire, C. E. Carter, O. Lipschits, A. Zertal, J. R. Zorn, B. Porten, and R. Zadok. Review by Bob Becking, published 6/6/2004, and by John Kessler, RBL, published 5/22/2004. Review by John C. Endres: CBQ 67, n. 1, January 2005, p. 177-179.


 

LIPSCHITS, O.; OEMING, M. (eds.) Judah and the Judeans in the Persian Period. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2006, xxii + 721 p. - ISBN 9781575061047.

In July 2003, a conference was held at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, focusing on the people and land of Judah during the 5th and early 4th centuries B.C.E.— the period when the Persian Empire held sway over the entire ancient Near East. This volume publishes the papers of the participants in the working group that attended the Heidelberg conference. Participants whose contributions appear here include: Y. Amit, B. Becking, J. Berquist, J. Blenkinsopp, M. Dandamayev, D. Edelman, T. Eskenazi, A. Fantalkin and O. Tal, L. Fried, L. Grabbe, S. Japhet, J. Kessler, E. A. Knauf, G. Knoppers, R. Kratz, A. Lemaire, O. Lipschits, H. Liss, M. Oeming, L. Pearce, F. Polak, B. Porten and A. Yardeni, E. Stern, D. Ussishkin, D. Vanderhooft, and J. Wright. The conference was the second of three meetings; the first, held at Tel Aviv in May 2001, was published as Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period by Eisenbrauns in 2003. A third conference focusing on Judah and the Judeans in the Hellenistic era was held in the summer of 2005, at Münster, Germany, and  published by Eisenbrauns as Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E. in 2007. Review by Erhard Gerstenberger, RBL, published 10/15/2006. Review by Richard J. Bautch: CBQ 69, n. 3, July 2007, p. 621-624.


 

LIPSCHITS, O.; KNOPPERS, G. N.; ALBERTZ, R. (eds.) Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007, xii + 423 p. - ISBN 9781575061306.

During the past decade, the period from the 7th century B.C.E. and later has been a major focus because it is thought to be the era when much of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament was formed. As a result, there has also been much interest in the historical developments of that time and specifically in the status of Judah and its neighbors. Three conferences dealing roughly with a century each were organized, and the first conference was held in Tel Aviv in 2001; the proceedings of that conference were published as Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period. The second volume was published in early 2006, a report on the conference held in Heidelberg in July 2003: Judah and the Judeans in the Persian Period. Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E. is the publication of the proceedings of the third of these conferences, which was held in Münster, Germany, in August 2005; the essays in it focus on the century during which the Persian Empire fell to Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic kingdoms came to the fore. Participants whose contributions are published here are: R. Achenbach, R. Albertz, B. Becking, E. Ben Zvi, J. Blenkinsopp, E. Eshel, H. Eshel, L. L. Grabbe, A. Kloner, G. N. Knoppers, I. Kottsieper, A. Lemaire, O. Lipschits, Y. Magen, K. Schmid, I. Stern., O. Tal, D. Vanderhooft, J. Wiesehöfer, and J. W. Wright. Reviewed by Allen Kerkeslager,Saint Joseph’s University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, RBL, published 3/28/2009.


 

LIVERANI (org.)  Recenti tendenze nella ricostruzione della storia antica d'Israele. Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 2005, 202 p. - ISBN 8821809331.

Atti del Convegno Internazionale tenuto a Roma il 6-7-marzo 2003 organizzato da Mario Liverani e concluso da Giovanni Garbini. Gli importanti contributi di Finkelstein, Dever, Ska, Soggin, Lemche, Na'aman, Davies, Garbini, Thompson, sono tutti in inglese. Distributori mondiali: Bardi Editore, Roma.


 

LONG, V. P. (ed.) Israel's Past in Present Research: Essays on Ancient Israelite Historiography. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1999, xx + 612 p. - ISBN 9781575060286.

This collection assembles 32 articles from 1963 to 1999, reflecting a wide range of perspectives on the controverted topic of Israelite history  writing. The volume will prove useful for courses or seminars on historiography, Old Testament/Hebrew Bible historiography and historical studies, and as a resource for those interested in the current state of the question.


 

MOORE, M. Philosophy and Practice in Writing a History of Ancient Israel. London: T &T Clark, 2006, x + 205 p. - ISBN 9780567029812 (Hardcover). Paperback: 2009, 240 p. - ISBN 9780567109897. 

Philosophy and Practice in Writing a History of Ancient Israel elucidates and examines assumptions about history writing that current historians of ancient Israel and Judah employ. It is undertaken in the context of the conflict between so-called “minimalists” and “maximalists” within the discipline today. Though the use of the Bible as evidence is the focal point of the opposition of these two approaches, Megan Moore shows that a number of related philosophical and practical concerns are telescoped in this issue, including concepts of Empiricism, Objectivity, Representation and Language, Subject, Explanation, Truth, and Evidence Evaluation and Use. Organized around these topics, Philosophy and Practice aims to situate the study of ancient Israel and Judah in the broader intellectual context of academic history in general and to provide insight into the formative assumptions of the current debate. This dissertation, written under the supervision of John Hayes from Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, is a serious contribution to the debate on how, and whether at all, to write a history of ancient Israel. Review by Ernst Axel Knauf, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, RBL, published 9/1/2007.


 

MOORE, M. B.; KELLE, B. E. Biblical History and Israel’s Past: The Changing Study of the Bible and History. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2011, xvii + 518 p. - ISBN 9780802862600. Kindle Edition: Amazon.com.br.

Although scholars have for centuries primarily been interested in using the study of ancient Israel to explain, illuminate, and clarify the biblical story, Megan Bishop Moore and Brad E. Kelle describe how scholars today seek more and more to tell the story of the past on its own terms, drawing from both biblical and extrabiblical sources to illuminate ancient Israel and its neighbors without privileging the biblical perspective. Biblical History and Israel’s Past provides a comprehensive survey of how study of the Old Testament and the history of Israel has changed since the middle of the twentieth century. Moore and Kelle discuss significant trends in scholarship, trace the development of ideas since the 1970s, and summarize major scholars, viewpoints, issues, and developments. Review by Bob Becking, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, RBL, published 2/6/2012.


 

SACCHI, P. The History of the Second Temple Period. London: T & T Clark, 2004, 534 p. - ISBN 0567044505.

This book represents the fruit of a long process of study and reflection, a powerful but subtle synthesis, by one of the most eminent scholars of Second-Temple Judaism. Far from a conventional narrative history, it is organized around themes and seeks to uncover the essence of Hebraic/Jewish religious thinking while confronting the phenomenon of its division into several 'parties' and traditions. Drawing also on recent studies of Christianity as a 'Judaism', Sacchi provides a stimulating perspective on the nature of ancient Oriental and Occidental thought and the intellectual and spiritual heritage of European civilization.


 

THOMPSON, T. L. (ed.) Jerusalem in Ancient History and Tradition. London: T & T Clark, 2004, 280 p. - ISBN 0567083608.

The proceedings of an international conference of historians, archaeologists and biblical scholars, who met in Amman to discuss new perspectives on the history of ancient Jerusalem and its relationship to biblical tradition on October 12-14, 2001. Contributors include: Thomas L Thompson, Michael Prior, Niels Peter Lemche, Margreet Steiner, Sara Mandell, John Strange, Lester Grabbe, Philip Davies, Thomas M Bolin, Ingrid Hjelm, David Gunn, and Keith Whitelam.


 

WILLIAMSON, H. G. M. (ed.) Understanding the History of Ancient Israel. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 452 p. - ISBN 9780197264010.

WILLIAMSON, H. G. M. (ed.) Understanding the History of Ancient IsraelIn recent years the study of the history of Ancient Israel has become very heated. On the one hand there are those who continue to use the Bible as a primary source, modified and illustrated by the findings of archaeology, and on the other there are some who believe that primacy should be given to archaeology and that the Biblical account is then seen to be for the most part completely unreliable in historical terms. This volume makes a fresh contribution to this debate by inquiring into the appropriate methods for combining different sorts of evidence-archaeological, epigraphical, iconographical, as well as Biblical. It also seeks to learn from related historical disciplines such as classical antiquity and early Islamic history, where similar problems are faced. The volume features contribution from a strong team of internationally distinguished scholars, frequently in debate with each other, in order to ensure that there is a balance of opinion. Chapters focus on the ninth century BCE (the period of the Omri dynasty) as a test case, but the proposals are of far wider application. Leia mais aqui Review by Walter Dietrich, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, RBL, published 5/16/2009.


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